How to Think Out of the Box
To demonstrate what it means to think outside of the box,
I want to show how creative minds do just that. First though,
I have a relatively simple story problem for you. Those of you
with decent math skills should get the correct solution easily.
Jack and Jill sleep in the same bed. Jack sleeps laying on
his left side 80% of the time and on his right side 20% of the
time. Jill sleeps on her right side 25% of the time and on her
left side 75% of the time. If Jack sleeps on the right side of
the bed (looking at the bed from the foot or bottom) what percentage
of the time are Jack and Jill facing each other when sleeping?
Now, if we see this as a straightforward math problem, it's
simple. Being on the right side of the bed and laying on his
left side 80% of the time, Jack has to be facing away from Jill
80% of the time, and towards her 20% of the time. At any given
time there is a 75% chance that she is on her left side, facing
him. Thus they are facing each other only 15% of the time (75%
of 20%).
This will not necessarily be the answer we get from all intelligent
people though. The explanation given is plain logic, but only
if we immediately adopt certain assumptions, as we almost always
do. Not everyone accepts the implicit assumptions made in life
or in math problems, however. Lets consider how those who think
out of the box might approach this.
In this example, we're assuming both sleep with their heads
at the same end of the bed. It may seem a natural assumption,
but it's not a necessary one. Take away that assumption and you
have two other possible answers. What if Jack sleeps with his
head toward the bottom of the bed? Then he is facing Jill (her
body) 80% of the time, so they are facing each other 60% of the
time (75% of 80%). If it is Jill that sleeps with her head at
the bottom of the bed she is facing Jack only 25% of the time,
and so they face each other only 5% of the time (20% of 25%).
Now, what if Jack and Jill went up the hill to fetch a pail
of water, and... (poor joke)
We can even challenge the assumptions about what "facing
each other" means, as silly as that might seem. Does it
mean having the fronts of their bodies oriented towards each
other, or is it more about the face. Jack might have his head
tilted when on his right side, and actually have his face aimed
at the foot of the bed. Of course if we assume shifting head
positions we have no solution unless we do a study of the various
positions and percentage of time each is taken.
Some who read this will suggest that it is obvious what the
assumptions should be. These readers most likely all got the
"correct" solution to the problem right off. They are
also likely to make good accountants and math teachers, and probably
always have their checkbooks balanced  nothing wrong with any
of that.
On the other hand, there are those who regularly go beyond
the "obvious" solutions to find the flaws in the presentation
of the problem itself. They make a habit of challenging not only
the assumptions of others, but their own as well. They are the
"disrupters" in society. They may frustrate their teachers
and peers, but they are the ones that help our ideas and technologies
progress (think Albert Einstein or Richard Feynman or Bill Gates
or Ghandi).
Now, if you are analytically gifted and tend to be like "Spock"
from Star Trek, you can still learn to think out of the box.
How? By purposely developing the habit of looking not just for
a solution, but at the problem too. Make it a point to
identify and challenge the assumptions we make.
You can start by finding the "correct" solution
for the problem above, for example, based on the "natural"
assumptions. But you can also at the same time see that what
appears "normal" or "natural" is not always
necessary. You can choose to look at the problem to see what
assumptions are required for the first solution, and then challenge
those. This won't help you in math class, by the way, but in
the real world the best and most creative solutions often require
you to get your thinking out of the box in this way.
